Anisomelia (Short Leg)

Anisomelia or short leg is a condition in which the legs have a noticeably unequal length. A permanent difference in the length of the legs may be caused because of a trauma in the past. This is called an anatomical short leg. For example, a fracture to the leg which caused an uneven growth in childhood. The other type is a functional short leg. This is caused by development of abnormal movement patterns by way of stress, repetitive movements, or a lack of core and pelvic strength.  The functional imbalance in joints can be corrected using a culmination of chiropractic care, core and pelvic strengthening, and custom orthotics or special insoles. If it isn’t corrected, it can cause back and leg pain, joint wear and tear, muscle tension and other symptoms.

Chiropractic adjustments and exercises

Chiropractic care coupled with the correct types of exercises can be used to restore mobility and alignments of the joints. In addition, it will also even out the legs and strengthen the muscles around the joints, including the SI joints and spine.  If the cause of anisomelia is developed though repetitive abnormal movement patterns, you will also need to change the habits that are causing the stress and strain.

Similarly, problems with the feet and ankles may cause the legs to appear at different lengths, causing foot problems, such as, foot pain and ankle weakness. It is important to understand that your spine, knees and feet are all part of the same structure and work together. Therefore, to correct one part, all other parts also need to be functioning properly. For a satisfactory solution, the cause of anisomelia has to be diagnosed correctly.

Short leg causes

Birth causes

  • Malformed hip joint
  • Clubfoot
  • Poorly formed ligaments and muscles of the lower leg.
  • Trauma from birth

Growth problems

  • Malformed socket of the hip joint
  • Problem with ball of the hip
  • Stunted growth of the lower limb
  • One sided flat foot

Acquired causes

  • Fractures
  •  Infections interrupting normal growth of bone
  • Infection, such as, poliomyelitis or trauma causing paralysis of the muscles
  • Arthritis of the joints causing the joints to be held in an abnormal position
  • Development of functional imbalances in the muscles and joints

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